Splicing abnormality of integrin β4 gene (ITGB4) due to nucleotide substitutions far from splice site underlies pyloric atresia-junctional epidermolysis bullosa syndrome

Takuji Masunaga, Hironori Niizeki, Fumiyo Yasuda, Kenji Yoshida, Masayuki Amagai, Akira Ishiko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pyloric atresia-junctional epidermolysis bullosa syndrome (PA-JEB) is a rare subgroup of epidermolysis bullosa, which is inherited disorder characterized by skin fragile. PA-JEB is caused by mutation of ITGB4 or ITGA6, which encodes integrin β4 or α6, respectively. Objective: To clarify the molecular basis of PA-JEB and to expand the mutational database, we carried out the mutational analysis of a 29-year-old Japanese PA-JEB patient. Methods: Standard methods were used to prepare, PCR-amplify, and sequence DNA or mRNA in peripheral blood or skin samples, respectively. Results: Sequence analysis revealed two novel mutations in ITGB4, c.264+2TtoA and c.1762-25TtoA. The paternal c.264+2TtoA resided within a splice site consensus region and generated two splice variants resulting in a premature termination codon (PTC). The maternal c.1762-25TtoA was a unique mutation because of its location, 25. bp away from the splice site, and resided in branch-point consensus sequence. This c.1762-25TtoA substitution resulted in generation of two abnormal transcripts each with a PTC. Genotype-phenotype correlation in this case was also unique because the proband showed a non-lethal phenotype regardless of both mutations resulted in only abnormal transcripts with a PTC. Conclusion: The present case expands the mutational database and further elucidates the genotype-phenotype correlation for this rare disease, PA-JEB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Blister
  • Branch-point mutation
  • Genodermatosis
  • RT-PCR
  • Splice site mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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