We study two-component (or pseudo-spin-12) Bose or Fermi gases in one dimension, in which particles are convertible between the components. Through bosonization and numerical analyses of a simple lattice model, we demonstrate that, in such gases, a strong intercomponent repulsion induces spontaneous population imbalance between the components, namely, the ferromagnetism of the pseudo spins. The imbalanced phase contains gapless charge excitations characterized as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid and gapped spin excitations. We uncover a crucial effect of the intercomponent particle hopping on the transition to the imbalanced phase. In the absence of this hopping, the transition is of first order. At the transition point, the energy spectrum reveals certain degeneracy indicative of an emergent SU(2) symmetry. With an infinitesimal intercomponent hopping, the transition becomes of Ising type. We determine the phase diagram of the model accurately and test the reliability of the weak-coupling bosonization formalism.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 May 10|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics