Spreading Awareness of Stroke through School-Based Education: A Pooled Analysis of Three Community-Based Studies

Tenyu Hino, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Michikazu Nakai, Suzuka Kato, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Hidehiro Takekawa, Takuro Arimizu, Shinya Tomari, Shinichi Wada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Kazunori Toyoda, Tomonori Okamura, Kazuo Minematsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Advancing school-based education is a promising means to spread knowledge pertaining to stroke. The aim of the current study was to clarify whether stroke lessons provided by schoolteachers could deliver stroke knowledge to children (aged 9-11 years) and their parents, at a similar level to when taught by medical staff. Methods: Schoolteachers conducted lessons on stroke for school children using the educational materials we prepared (i.e., the teacher group; 1051 children and 719 parents). This was compared with our previous data from Akashi city and Tochigi prefecture, in which the stroke lessons were conducted by medical staff (i.e., the medical group; 1031 children and 756 parents). Three campaigns were conducted between September 2014 and May 2016. Each child was given education materials to take home to discuss stroke with their parents. The children and their parents answered questionnaires on stroke knowledge, at baseline, immediately after the lesson, and at 3 months after the lesson. Results: Compared with the time point before the lesson, both children and parents instructed by the teacher group showed significant increases in the scores about stroke symptoms and risk factors, immediately and at 3 months after the lesson (P < .001). The combined analysis for the group instructed by medical personnel showed no significant differences in the stroke knowledge scores between the 2 groups at 3 months. Conclusions: Teacher-led lessons, using our educational material, adequately delivered knowledge of stroke to children and parents, in a manner that was similar to when medical staff delivered this information.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • FAST mnemonic
  • Manga
  • School children
  • School-based education
  • Stroke awareness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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