Stat5a inhibits IL-12-induced Th1 cell differentiation through the induction of suppressor of cytokine signaling expression

Hiroaki Takatori, Hiroshi Nakajima, Shin Ichiro Kagami, Koichi Hirose, Akira Suto, Kotaro Suzuki, Masato Kubo, Akihiko Yoshimura, Yasushi Saito, Itsuo Iwamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In previous studies, we have shown that Th2 cell differentiation is diminished but Th1 cell differentiation is increased in Stat5a-deficient (Stat5a-/-) CD4+ T cells. In the present study, we clarified the molecular mechanisms of Stat5a-mediated Th cell differentiation. We found that enhanced Th1 cell differentiation and the resultant IFN-γ production played a dominant inhibitory role in the down-regulation of IL-4-induced Th2 cell differentiation of Stat5a-/- CD4+ T cells. We also found that IL-12-induced Stat4 phosphorylation and Th1 cell differentiation were augmented in Stat5a-/- CB4+ T cells. Importantly, the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)3, a potent inhibitor of IL-12-induced Stat4 activation, was decreased in Stat5a -/- CD4+ T cells. Moreover, a reporter assay showed that a constitutively active form of Stat5a but not Stat6 activated the SOCS3 promoter. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that Stat5a binds to the SOCS3 promoter in CD4+ T cells. Finally, the retrovirus-mediated expression of SOCS3 restored the impaired Th cell differentiation of Stat5a-/- CD4+ T cells. These results suggest that Stat5a forces the Th1/Th2 balance toward a Th2-type by preventing IL-12-induced Th1 cell differentiation through the induction of SOCS3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4105-4112
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume174
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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