State protection by quantum control before and after noise processes

Hiroaki Wakamura, Ryûitirô Kawakubo, Tatsuhiko Koike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We discuss protection of a quantum state that goes through a noise process by measurements and operations before and after the noise process. In our previous work, we showed the nonexistence of "truly quantum" protocols that protect an unknown qubit state against depolarizing noise better than "classical" ones. Toward identifying the class of noise processes that is optimally suppressed by such a "classical" protocol, we extend our previous result in two directions. First, we show that the statement is also true in any finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces, which was previously conjectured; the optimal protocol is either the do nothing protocol or the discriminate and reprepare protocol, depending on the strength of the noise. Second, in the case of a single qubit, we show that essentially the same conclusion holds for any unital noise. Thus, the noise must be nonunital for a control protocol beyond "classical" ones to exist.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022325
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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