### Abstract

We introduce and show the existence of a Hawkes self-exciting point process with exponentially-decreasing kernel and where parameters are time-varying. The quantity of interest is defined as the integrated parameter T ^{−1}_{0}^{T} θ_{t}^{∗} dt, where θ_{t}^{∗} is the time-varying parameter, and we consider the high-frequency asymptotics. To estimate it naïvely, we chop the data into several blocks, compute the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) on each block, and take the average of the local estimates. The asymptotic bias explodes asymptotically, thus we provide a non-naïve estimator which is constructed as the naïve one when applying a first-order bias reduction to the local MLE. We show the associated central limit theorem. Monte Carlo simulations show the importance of the bias correction and that the method performs well in finite sample, whereas the empirical study discusses the implementation in practice and documents the stochastic behavior of the parameters.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 3469-3493 |

Number of pages | 25 |

Journal | Bernoulli |

Volume | 24 |

Issue number | 4B |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2018 Nov |

### Keywords

- Hawkes process
- High-frequency data
- Integrated parameter
- Self-exciting process
- Stochastic
- Time-varying parameter

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistics and Probability