Stockpile of personal protective equipment in hospital settings: Preparedness for influenza pandemics

Mayuko Hashikura, Junko Kizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Personal protective equipment (PPE) is known to be a crucial means of preventing influenza pandemics; however, the amount of PPE that should be stored in hospital settings has been unclear. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to propose a PPE calculation system to help hospitals to decide their PPE stockpile. Methods: We searched influenza guidelines from a number of countries and research papers on protective devices and infectious diseases. The PPE calculation system included factors such as the influenza pandemic period, risk classification by health care workers (HCW) type, and the type and number of PPE for a HCW per day. Results: We concluded that 4 sets of PPE (N95 respirators, double gloves, gowns, and goggles) per day should be prepared for HCWs in a high-risk group. Similarly, 2 sets of appropriate PPE, depending on the risk level, are required for medium- and low-risk groups. In addition, 2 surgical masks are required for every worker and inpatient and 1 for each outpatient. The PPE stockpile should be prepared to cover at least an 8-week pandemic. Conclusion: Purchasing a PPE stockpile requires a sizable budget. The PPE calculation system in this paper will hopefully support hospitals in deciding their PPE stockpile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-707
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov

Fingerprint

Pandemics
Human Influenza
Personal Protective Equipment
Eye Protective Devices
Protective Devices
Delivery of Health Care
Budgets
Mechanical Ventilators
Masks
Communicable Diseases
Inpatients
Outpatients
Guidelines

Keywords

  • disease outbreak
  • infection control
  • masks
  • Personal protective equipment
  • respirators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Stockpile of personal protective equipment in hospital settings : Preparedness for influenza pandemics. / Hashikura, Mayuko; Kizu, Junko.

In: American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 37, No. 9, 11.2009, p. 703-707.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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