To determine the most appropriate treatment strategy for neonates with coexisting congenital heart diseases (CHD) requiring surgery, 408 neonates treated in our department between 2002 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 408 neonates, 37 (9.1%) had coexisting CHD. Among the pediatric diseases requiring surgery, esophageal atresia (46.7%), anorectal malformation (24.1%), and tracheobronchial anomalies (75.0%) were frequently associated with CHD, and the survival rate among patients with coexisting CDH was 24.3%, about 2-fold higher than among those without coexisting CHD. Clinical observations in the present series suggested that fatal conditions such as tracheoesophageal fistula should be repaired immediately after birth, followed by palliative cardiac surgery to stabilize the circulatory status if necessary. Thereafter, radical repair of cardiac and pediatric anomalies should be performed, taking into account the balance between surgical stress and cardiac reserve. For this purpose, proper assessment of surgical stress and cardiac function and collaboration among specialists in relevant fields are essential during the perinatal period to determine the treatment strategy for patients with multiple-organ anomalies.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nihon Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jul|
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