We demonstrated the strong coupling between a one-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam cavity and a single quantum dot (QD). Thanks to a high quality factor (∼25 000) with small mode volume [0.38× (n/λ) 3] of the nanobeam cavity, an anticrossing behavior with a vacuum Rabi splitting of 226 μeV was observed. The ratio of the QD-cavity coupling strength to the cavity decay rate, which is a figure of merit of quantum optical applications, is estimated to 2.1. This is the highest value among any QD-based cavity quantum electrodynamics systems reported so far.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)