The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) responds to a vast variety of stimuli, and activated NLRP3 forms an inflammasome, which in turn is associated with conditions such as atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and diabetes. A multilayered regulatory mechanism ensures proper NLRP3 inflammasome activation, although the structural basis for this process remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the dodecameric form of full-length NLRP3 bound to the clinically relevant NLRP3-specific inhibitor MCC950. The inhibitor binds to the cavity distinct from the nucleotide binding site in the NACHT domain and stabilizes the closed conformation of NLRP3. The barrel-shaped dodecamer composed of the inactive form of NLRP3 is formed mainly through LRR-LRR interactions on the lateral side, and the highly positively charged top and bottom sides composed of NACHT domains provide a scaffold for membrane association. The cryo-electron microscopy structure suggests that oligomerization of NLRP3 is necessary for its membrane association; it is subsequently disrupted for activation, hence serving as a key player in controlling the spatiotemporal NLRP3 inflammasome activation. These findings are expected to contribute to the development of drugs targeting NLRP3 in future.
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Mar 15|
- NOD-like receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas