Structural characteristics of green tea catechins for formation of protein carbonyl in human serum albumin

Takeshi Ishii, Taiki Mori, Tatsuya Ichikawa, Maiko Kaku, Koji Kusaka, Yoshinori Uekusa, Mitsugu Akagawa, Yoshiyuki Aihara, Takumi Furuta, Toshiyuki Wakimoto, Toshiyuki Kan, Tsutomu Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catechins are polyphenolic antioxidants found in green tea leaves. Recent studies have reported that various polyphenolic compounds, including catechins, cause protein carbonyl formation in proteins via their pro-oxidant actions. In this study, we evaluate the formation of protein carbonyl in human serum albumin (HSA) by tea catechins and investigate the relationship between catechin chemical structure and its pro-oxidant property. To assess the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA, HSA was incubated with four individual catechins under physiological conditions to generate biotin-LC-hydrazide labeled protein carbonyls. Comparison of catechins using Western blotting revealed that the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA was higher for pyrogallol-type catechins than the corresponding catechol-type catechins. In addition, the formation of protein carbonyl was also found to be higher for the catechins having a galloyl group than the corresponding catechins lacking a galloyl group. The importance of the pyrogallol structural motif in the B-ring and the galloyl group was confirmed using methylated catechins and phenolic acids. These results indicate that the most important structural element contributing to the formation of protein carbonyl in HSA by tea catechins is the pyrogallol structural motif in the B-ring, followed by the galloyl group. The oxidation stability and binding affinity of tea catechins with proteins are responsible for the formation of protein carbonyl, and consequently the difference in these properties of each catechin may contribute to the magnitude of their biological activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4892-4896
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 15

Keywords

  • Catechin
  • Galloyl group
  • Human serum albumin
  • Polyphenol
  • Pro-oxidant
  • Protein carbonyl
  • Pyrogallol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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