Study of popularization policy of clean energy vehicles using life cycle assessment

Tomomi Nonaka, Masaru Nakano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clean energy vehicles (CEVs) produce less CO2 emissions in the utilization phase and reduce total emissions overall. However, the ratio of emissions in the manufacturing phase becomes larger. This paper evaluates CEVs and compares the popularization policies used to promote CEVs using life cycle assessment (LCA). The authors use major criteria: life cycle CO2 emissions to be considered not only in the utilization phase but also in the manufacturing phase. In the simulation of the LCCO2 of CEVs, total driving distances affect total CO2 emissions. The LCCO2 of EVs decrease as total driving distance increases compared with other vehicles. The simulation results show that the LCCO2 of EVs are the lowest when the CEVs are driven for more than 35,700 km in Japan, more than 40,300 km in France, more than 78,400 km in the Netherlands, more than 72,200 km in Germany, more than 38,400 km in Iceland, more than 81,400 km in United States, more than 124,000 km in China and more than 193,000 km in India. This is caused by the differences between the CO2 emission consumption rates, since electrical power sources are different. The simulation results suggest that EVs are not always best suited for all drivers considered LCCO2 including the manufacturing phase, and the LCCO2 of vehicles are affected by total driving distances and the situation of countries' electric power sources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010 - Conference Proceedings
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1
Event3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010 - Shenzhen, China
Duration: 2010 Nov 112010 Nov 13

Publication series

Name3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010 - Conference Proceedings

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010
CountryChina
CityShenzhen
Period10/11/1110/11/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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    Nonaka, T., & Nakano, M. (2010). Study of popularization policy of clean energy vehicles using life cycle assessment. In 3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010 - Conference Proceedings [5679212] (3rd International Conference on Next Generation Infrastructure Systems for Eco-Cities, INFRA 2010 - Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/INFRA.2010.5679212