Substituent elimination from p-substituted phenols by cytochrome P450 ipso-substitution by the oxygen atom of the active species

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Abstract

When various p-substituted phenols (substituent = NO2, CN, CH2OH, COCH3, COPh, COOH, F, Cl, and Br) were incubated with rat liver microsomes, the substituent was eliminated to produce hydroquinone, and the reaction was inhibited by CO and a cytochrome P450-specific inhibitor. In the case of p- cresol (substituent = CH3), p-toluquinol was formed instead of hydroquinone. Experiments using 18O2 proved that the elimination is accompanied with ipso-substitution by the oxygen atom of the active species in cytochrome P450. These results are similar to those in a cytochrome P450 chemical model system (Ohe, T., et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 42, 7681-7684, 1995), implying that the model is a good mimic of cytochrome P450. Substrates that lack a hydroxy group, namely p-substituted toluenes, did not undergo the reaction, thus indicating that a hydroxy group at the p-position to the eliminated substituent is necessary for this pathway. This is the same as the result obtained with the cytochrome P450 model. Finally, to elucidate how the substituent is eliminated, we attempted to detect the product derived from the eliminated group with several substrates. Results indicated that the mechanism of the substituent elimination can be divided into two types: the substituent is eliminated as an anion or as a cation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-122
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume25
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan

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Phenols
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Reactive Oxygen Species
Substitution reactions
Atoms
Chemical Models
Toluene
Liver Microsomes
Substrates
Carbon Monoxide
Liver
Anions
Cations
Rats
Experiments
hydroquinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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abstract = "When various p-substituted phenols (substituent = NO2, CN, CH2OH, COCH3, COPh, COOH, F, Cl, and Br) were incubated with rat liver microsomes, the substituent was eliminated to produce hydroquinone, and the reaction was inhibited by CO and a cytochrome P450-specific inhibitor. In the case of p- cresol (substituent = CH3), p-toluquinol was formed instead of hydroquinone. Experiments using 18O2 proved that the elimination is accompanied with ipso-substitution by the oxygen atom of the active species in cytochrome P450. These results are similar to those in a cytochrome P450 chemical model system (Ohe, T., et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 42, 7681-7684, 1995), implying that the model is a good mimic of cytochrome P450. Substrates that lack a hydroxy group, namely p-substituted toluenes, did not undergo the reaction, thus indicating that a hydroxy group at the p-position to the eliminated substituent is necessary for this pathway. This is the same as the result obtained with the cytochrome P450 model. Finally, to elucidate how the substituent is eliminated, we attempted to detect the product derived from the eliminated group with several substrates. Results indicated that the mechanism of the substituent elimination can be divided into two types: the substituent is eliminated as an anion or as a cation.",
author = "Tomoyuki Ohe and Tadahiko Mashino and Masaaki Hirobe",
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T1 - Substituent elimination from p-substituted phenols by cytochrome P450 ipso-substitution by the oxygen atom of the active species

AU - Ohe, Tomoyuki

AU - Mashino, Tadahiko

AU - Hirobe, Masaaki

PY - 1997/1

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AB - When various p-substituted phenols (substituent = NO2, CN, CH2OH, COCH3, COPh, COOH, F, Cl, and Br) were incubated with rat liver microsomes, the substituent was eliminated to produce hydroquinone, and the reaction was inhibited by CO and a cytochrome P450-specific inhibitor. In the case of p- cresol (substituent = CH3), p-toluquinol was formed instead of hydroquinone. Experiments using 18O2 proved that the elimination is accompanied with ipso-substitution by the oxygen atom of the active species in cytochrome P450. These results are similar to those in a cytochrome P450 chemical model system (Ohe, T., et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 42, 7681-7684, 1995), implying that the model is a good mimic of cytochrome P450. Substrates that lack a hydroxy group, namely p-substituted toluenes, did not undergo the reaction, thus indicating that a hydroxy group at the p-position to the eliminated substituent is necessary for this pathway. This is the same as the result obtained with the cytochrome P450 model. Finally, to elucidate how the substituent is eliminated, we attempted to detect the product derived from the eliminated group with several substrates. Results indicated that the mechanism of the substituent elimination can be divided into two types: the substituent is eliminated as an anion or as a cation.

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