Substrate specificity, plasma membrane localization, and lipid modification of the aldehyde dehydrogenase ALDH3B1

Takuya Kitamura, Tatsuro Naganuma, Kensuke Abe, Kanae Nakahara, Yusuke Ohno, Akio Kihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accumulation of reactive aldehydes is implicated in the development of several disorders. Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) detoxify aldehydes by oxidizing them to the corresponding carboxylic acids. Among the 19 human ALDHs, ALDH3A2 is the only known ALDH that catalyzes the oxidation of long-chain fatty aldehydes including C16 aldehydes (hexadecanal and trans-2-hexadecenal) generated through sphingolipid metabolism. In the present study, we have identified that ALDH3B1 is also active in vitro toward C16 aldehydes and demonstrated that overexpression of ALDH3B1 restores the sphingolipid metabolism in the ALDH3A2-deficient cells. In addition, we have determined that ALDH3B1 is localized in the plasma membrane through its C-terminal dual lipidation (palmitoylation and prenylation) and shown that the prenylation is required particularly for the activity toward hexadecanal. Since knockdown of ALDH3B1 does not cause further impairment of the sphingolipid metabolism in the ALDH3A2-deficient cells, the likely physiological function of ALDH3B1 is to oxidize lipid-derived aldehydes generated in the plasma membrane and not to be involved in the sphingolipid metabolism in the endoplasmic reticulum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1401
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Volume1831
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aldehyde
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase
  • Palmitoylation
  • Plasma membrane
  • Prenylation
  • Sphingolipid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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