Successful topical application of a new antifungal agent, micafungin, in the treatment of refractory fungal corneal ulcers: Report of three cases and literature review

Yukihiro Matsumoto, Murat Dogru, Eiki Goto, Hiroshi Fujishima, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To report the efficacy of topical application of a new antifungal agent, micafungin (MCFG), in the treatment of yeast-related corneal ulcers. Design: Noncomparative interventional case reports. Participants: Three patients with yeast-related corneal ulcer after keratoplasty recalcitrant to conventional antifungal treatment for 4 weeks were recruited in this study. Methods: Topical 0.1% antifungal MCFG eye drops were applied in 3 patients with yeast-related corneal ulcer every hour while awake until epithelialization. After epithelialization, the frequency of eye drops was reduced to 5 times a day. MCFG eye drops were discontinued 1 month after the disappearance of stromal infiltration in each case. The patients underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurements, slit-lamp examination, ftuorescein-dye staining, and anterior segment photography. Corneal scrapings and cultures of surgical materials were also performed. Main Outcome Measures: Changes in ulcer size, stromal infiltration, fluorescein dye staining, and BCVA were looked for. Results: All corneal ulcers epithelialized within 14 days after commencement of application of 0.1% MCFG eye drops. Yeasts were detected from corneal smears in all eyes. Two cases revealed positive culture isolates for Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis. No recurrence of fungal keratitis was observed in any of the cases throughout the follow-up periods. Conclusion: Topical 0.1% MCFG eye drops seem to be an effective and a promising option in the treatment of refractory yeast-related corneal ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-753
Number of pages6
JournalCornea
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Corneal ulcer
  • Micafungin
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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