Objectives: To assess the long-term durability of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) or benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) and treatment efficacy for large BPE. Methods: Four hundred fifty-seven patients with symptomatic BPE underwent PVP between January 2006 and April 2009. Efficacy was evaluated with the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS), Quality of Life (QOL) score, urinary peak flow (Qmax), postvoid residual volume (PVR), and prostate volume. Parameters were checked preoperatively, and at 1, 3, and 5 years postoperatively. One hundred fifty-three patients completed 5-year follow-up. To assess treatment effects, patients were divided into two groups according to the preoperative prostate volume: group A (60 mL, n=49). Results: Mean IPSS, QOL score, Qmax, and PVR improved significantly and were maintained for 5 years with no significant differences; at year 1, prostate volume had decreased significantly from 54.0 mL to 30.6 mL (43% of volume ablation) and remained at that level until year 5. Investigations according to prostate size demonstrate that IPSS and QOL scores in group B remained at significantly lower levels, and Qmax in group B improved more than in group A. 1.1% of patients needed transurethral resection of the prostate due to BPO recurrence. Conclusions: PVP is effective and provides durable results for 5 years, with sustained symptom relief and improved urinary flow rate, as well as a 43% volume reduction of prostate volume. Our data indicate PVP is more efficacious for larger prostates under sufficient volume ablation.
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