Sulfatide inhibits α-galactosylceramide presentation by dendritic cells

Mitsuhiro Kanamori, Yusuke Tasumi, Tomonori Iyoda, Maki Ushida, Kayo Inaba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfatide-reactive type II NKT cells, the so-called non-invariant NKT (non-iNKT) cells, have been shown to counteract invariant NKT (iNKT) cell activity. However, the effects of sulfatide on activation of iNKT cells by α-galactocylceramide (αGC) in the context of CD1d have not been studied in detail. Therefore, we studied the blocking effect of sulfatide on αGC-induced iNKT cell activation by dendritic cells (DCs). Even in the absence of non-iNKT cells, sulfatide inhibited αGC-mediated iNKT cell activation by reducing αGC/CD1d complex formations in a dose-dependent manner. This was also confirmed in a cell-free setting using immobilized CD1d-Ig. Moreover, simultaneous injection of αGC with sulfatide decreased αGC/CD1d complex formations on DCs, accompanied by the reduced CD40L-up-regulation and IFN-γ production by iNKT cells and IL-12p70 production by DCs. However, sulfatide by itself did not interfere with the presentation of MHC class II-mediated antigen presentation to specific T cells. These results demonstrate that sulfatide competes with αGC to be loaded onto CD1d along the endocytic pathway in DCs, thereby inhibiting the iNKT cell response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalInternational immunology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 8

Keywords

  • CD1d
  • Dendritic cell
  • NKT cell
  • α-GalCer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Kanamori, M., Tasumi, Y., Iyoda, T., Ushida, M., & Inaba, K. (2012). Sulfatide inhibits α-galactosylceramide presentation by dendritic cells. International immunology, 24(2), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.1093/intimm/dxr108