The potential immunosuppressive effect of an anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb) on the pathogenic autoreactive T-cell response was evaluated using an in vitro culture system with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa)-reactive T cells from patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The anti-CD154 mAb did not inhibit T-cell proliferation, but suppressed anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production, in bulk peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures stimulated with GPIIb/IIIa. Repeated antigenic stimulation of GPIIb/IIIa-reactive CD4+ T-cell lines in the presence of anti-CD154 mAb resulted in the loss of proliferative capacity and helper function for promoting anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production. These anergic T-cell lines showed a cytokine profile of low interferon γ and high interleukin 10 and suppressed anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production. Our results indicate that blockade of the CD40/CD154 interaction induces generation of autoantigen-specific anergic CD4+ T cells with regulatory function and could be a therapeutic option for suppressing pathogenic autoimmune responses in patients with ITP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology