Surface Structures of Cosmetic Standard Poly Methyl Methacrylate UV Evaluation Plates and their Influence on the in vitro Evaluation of UV Protection Abilities of Cosmetic Sunscreens

Akihiro Kuroda, Karin Sakai, Shoichi Yahagi, Tsubasa Mukawa, Nobumasa Sato, Naoki Nakamura, Daisuke Maezawa, Hitoshi Masaki, Taisuke Banno, Kouichi Asakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cosmetic standard poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) UV evaluation plates, i.e., roughened PMMA plates, are used in the EU and the US for the in vitro evaluation of UV protection abilities of sunscreen, such as in vitro UVA-PF and critical wavelength for the Broad-spectrum approval. In our previous studies, inhomogeneity in the thickness of a pseudo-sunscreen layer applied on a flat quartz plate was observed to alter UV transmission. Thus, the surface roughness of the standard plates should have a significant influence on the in vitro evaluation. In the present study, we have analyzed the surface structures of three cosmetic standard PMMA UV evaluation plates: Helioplates HD6 (Sa = 6 µm) and ISO plates (Ra = 2 and 5 µm). A decamethylcyclopentasiloxane and 2-propanol-mixed solvent solution of acrylsilicone resin was prepared, and the solution was added dropwise onto the plates. After the evaporation of the solvents, the plates were cut and the cross section was analyzed using SEM-EDS. The distribution of silicon atoms at the cross-section suggested that the maximum depth of penetrating of acrylsilicone resin was larger than Ra for all the standard plates, and the surface structure was significantly different for each standard plate. In addition, cracks into which the acrylsilicone resin deeply penetrated were observed on the surface of some plates. Clear-solution-type pseudo-sunscreen samples in which UV absorbers and acrylsilicone resin were dissolved were deposited on the standard roughened PMMA plates. It was observed that the addition of acrylsilicone resin drastically changed the net UV transmission. The degree to which the hollows of the roughened surface were filled with the pseudo-sunscreen samples determined the variation of UV transmittance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oleo Science
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

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Sun hoods
Cosmetics
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl methacrylates
Surface structure
Resins
Quartz
2-Propanol
Propanol
Silicon
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Evaporation
Surface roughness
Cracks
Wavelength
Atoms
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • cosmetic standard PMMA UV evaluation plates
  • in vitro evaluation of UV protection abilities
  • SEM/EDX
  • SPF analyzer
  • surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Surface Structures of Cosmetic Standard Poly Methyl Methacrylate UV Evaluation Plates and their Influence on the in vitro Evaluation of UV Protection Abilities of Cosmetic Sunscreens. / Kuroda, Akihiro; Sakai, Karin; Yahagi, Shoichi; Mukawa, Tsubasa; Sato, Nobumasa; Nakamura, Naoki; Maezawa, Daisuke; Masaki, Hitoshi; Banno, Taisuke; Asakura, Kouichi.

In: Journal of Oleo Science, Vol. 68, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 175-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuroda, Akihiro ; Sakai, Karin ; Yahagi, Shoichi ; Mukawa, Tsubasa ; Sato, Nobumasa ; Nakamura, Naoki ; Maezawa, Daisuke ; Masaki, Hitoshi ; Banno, Taisuke ; Asakura, Kouichi. / Surface Structures of Cosmetic Standard Poly Methyl Methacrylate UV Evaluation Plates and their Influence on the in vitro Evaluation of UV Protection Abilities of Cosmetic Sunscreens. In: Journal of Oleo Science. 2019 ; Vol. 68, No. 2. pp. 175-182.
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