Surgical Repair with External Fixation of Epiphyseal Fractures of the Proximal Phalanges of Three Fingers: A Case Report

Yasushi Morisawa, Shinichiro Takayama, Kazuki Satou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 13-year-old girl sustained epiphyseal fractures of the proximal phalanges of the left index, middle, and ring fingers. Though manual reduction of the 3 fingers was possible, it was difficult to maintain the reduction due to severe instability of the middle and ring fingers, and closed reduction with external fixation was performed. At 4 years post-injury, the patient had no impairment of daily activities. The use of external fixation (1) causes no injury to the epiphyseal cartilage, (2) enables accurate reduction and maintenance of reduction, (3) is technically easier than pinning, (4) enables earlier range of motion (ROM) exercises of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints of the externally fixated and other fingers, and (5) allows repeated fine adjustments after reduction. External fixation is an option for the treatment of children with highly unstable epiphyseal fractures of the proximal phalanges.

Keywords

  • Children
  • Epiphyseal fracture
  • External fixation
  • Proximal phalanges

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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