Surgical results of reoperative tricuspid surgery

Analysis from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database

Nobuhiro Umehara, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Satoshi Saito, Kenji Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid valve insufficiency (TI) following cardiovascular surgery causes right-side heart failure and hepatic failure, which affect patient prognosis. Moreover, the benefits of reoperation for severe tricuspid insufficiency remain unclear. We investigated the surgical outcomes of reoperation in TI. METHODS: From the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD), we extracted cases who underwent surgery for TI following cardiac surgery between January 2006 and December 2011. We analysed the surgical outcomes, specifically comparing tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) and tricuspid valve plasty (TVP). RESULTS: Of the 167 722 surgical JACVSD registered cases, reoperative TI surgery occurred in 1771 cases, with 193 TVR cases and 1578 TVP cases. The age and sex distribution was 684 males and 1087 females, with an average age of 66.5 ± 10.8 years. The overall hospital mortality was 6.8% and was significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group (14.5 vs 5.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). Incidences of dialysis, prolonged ventilation and heart block were also significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of hospital mortality were older age, preoperative renal dysfunction, preoperative New York Heart Association Class 4, left ventricular dysfunction and TVR. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical outcomes following reoperative tricuspid surgery were unsatisfactory. Although TVR is a last resort for non-repairable tricuspid lesions, it carries a significant risk of surgical mortality. Improving the patient's preoperative status and opting for TVP over TVR is necessary to improve the results of reoperative tricuspid surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tricuspid Valve
Japan
Databases
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency
Hospital Mortality
Reoperation
Sex Distribution
Heart Block
Age Distribution
Liver Failure
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
Thoracic Surgery
Ventilation
Dialysis
Heart Failure
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Database
  • Reoperation
  • Tricuspid valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Surgical results of reoperative tricuspid surgery : Analysis from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database. / Umehara, Nobuhiro; Miyata, Hiroaki; Motomura, Noboru; Saito, Satoshi; Yamazaki, Kenji.

In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2014, p. 82-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Umehara, Nobuhiro ; Miyata, Hiroaki ; Motomura, Noboru ; Saito, Satoshi ; Yamazaki, Kenji. / Surgical results of reoperative tricuspid surgery : Analysis from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database. In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. 2014 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 82-87.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid valve insufficiency (TI) following cardiovascular surgery causes right-side heart failure and hepatic failure, which affect patient prognosis. Moreover, the benefits of reoperation for severe tricuspid insufficiency remain unclear. We investigated the surgical outcomes of reoperation in TI. METHODS: From the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD), we extracted cases who underwent surgery for TI following cardiac surgery between January 2006 and December 2011. We analysed the surgical outcomes, specifically comparing tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) and tricuspid valve plasty (TVP). RESULTS: Of the 167 722 surgical JACVSD registered cases, reoperative TI surgery occurred in 1771 cases, with 193 TVR cases and 1578 TVP cases. The age and sex distribution was 684 males and 1087 females, with an average age of 66.5 ± 10.8 years. The overall hospital mortality was 6.8{\%} and was significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group (14.5 vs 5.8{\%}, respectively; P < 0.001). Incidences of dialysis, prolonged ventilation and heart block were also significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of hospital mortality were older age, preoperative renal dysfunction, preoperative New York Heart Association Class 4, left ventricular dysfunction and TVR. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical outcomes following reoperative tricuspid surgery were unsatisfactory. Although TVR is a last resort for non-repairable tricuspid lesions, it carries a significant risk of surgical mortality. Improving the patient's preoperative status and opting for TVP over TVR is necessary to improve the results of reoperative tricuspid surgery.",
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N2 - OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid valve insufficiency (TI) following cardiovascular surgery causes right-side heart failure and hepatic failure, which affect patient prognosis. Moreover, the benefits of reoperation for severe tricuspid insufficiency remain unclear. We investigated the surgical outcomes of reoperation in TI. METHODS: From the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD), we extracted cases who underwent surgery for TI following cardiac surgery between January 2006 and December 2011. We analysed the surgical outcomes, specifically comparing tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) and tricuspid valve plasty (TVP). RESULTS: Of the 167 722 surgical JACVSD registered cases, reoperative TI surgery occurred in 1771 cases, with 193 TVR cases and 1578 TVP cases. The age and sex distribution was 684 males and 1087 females, with an average age of 66.5 ± 10.8 years. The overall hospital mortality was 6.8% and was significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group (14.5 vs 5.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). Incidences of dialysis, prolonged ventilation and heart block were also significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of hospital mortality were older age, preoperative renal dysfunction, preoperative New York Heart Association Class 4, left ventricular dysfunction and TVR. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical outcomes following reoperative tricuspid surgery were unsatisfactory. Although TVR is a last resort for non-repairable tricuspid lesions, it carries a significant risk of surgical mortality. Improving the patient's preoperative status and opting for TVP over TVR is necessary to improve the results of reoperative tricuspid surgery.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid valve insufficiency (TI) following cardiovascular surgery causes right-side heart failure and hepatic failure, which affect patient prognosis. Moreover, the benefits of reoperation for severe tricuspid insufficiency remain unclear. We investigated the surgical outcomes of reoperation in TI. METHODS: From the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD), we extracted cases who underwent surgery for TI following cardiac surgery between January 2006 and December 2011. We analysed the surgical outcomes, specifically comparing tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) and tricuspid valve plasty (TVP). RESULTS: Of the 167 722 surgical JACVSD registered cases, reoperative TI surgery occurred in 1771 cases, with 193 TVR cases and 1578 TVP cases. The age and sex distribution was 684 males and 1087 females, with an average age of 66.5 ± 10.8 years. The overall hospital mortality was 6.8% and was significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group (14.5 vs 5.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). Incidences of dialysis, prolonged ventilation and heart block were also significantly higher in the TVR group than in the TVP group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of hospital mortality were older age, preoperative renal dysfunction, preoperative New York Heart Association Class 4, left ventricular dysfunction and TVR. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical outcomes following reoperative tricuspid surgery were unsatisfactory. Although TVR is a last resort for non-repairable tricuspid lesions, it carries a significant risk of surgical mortality. Improving the patient's preoperative status and opting for TVP over TVR is necessary to improve the results of reoperative tricuspid surgery.

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