Sustained Effects of CGRP Blockade on Cortical Spreading Depolarization-Induced Alterations in Facial Heat Pain Threshold, Light Aversiveness, and Locomotive Activity in the Light Environment

Satoshi Kitagawa, Chunhua Tang, Miyuki Unekawa, Yohei Kayama, Jin Nakahara, Mamoru Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A migraine is clinically characterized by repeated headache attacks that entail considerable disability. Many patients with migraines experience postdrome, the symptoms of which include tiredness and photophobia. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (GGRP) is critically implicated in migraine pathogenesis. Cortical spreading depolarization (CSD), the biological correlate of migraine aura, sensitizes the trigeminovascular system. In our previous study, CSD caused hypomotility in the light zone and tendency for photophobia at 72 h, at which time trigeminal sensitization had disappeared. We proposed that this CSD-induced disease state would be useful for exploring therapeutic strategies for migraine postdrome. In the present study, we observed that the CGRP receptor antagonist, olcegepant, prevented the hypomotility in the light zone and ameliorated light tolerability at 72 h after CSD induction. Moreover, olcegepant treatment significantly elevated the threshold for facial heat pain at 72 h after CSD. Our results raise the possibility that CGRP blockade may be efficacious in improving hypoactivity in the light environment by enhancing light tolerability during migraine postdrome. Moreover, our data suggest that the CGRP pathway may lower the facial heat pain threshold even in the absence of overt trigeminal sensitization, which provides an important clue to the potential mechanism whereby CGRP blockade confers migraine prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13807
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Keywords

  • calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)
  • cortical spreading depolarization
  • migraine
  • migraine postdrome
  • sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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