Swallowing dysfunction and postoperative pneumonia in elderly patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation a preliminary prospective cohort study

Michiyuki Kawakami, Shogo Fukui, Kentaro Hayashida, Taku Inohara, Fumiaki Yashima, Meigen Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the swallowing dysfunction and the prevalence of postoperative nosocomial pneumonia in elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods and Results: Food Intake LEVEL Scales (FILS) were assessed in 64 patients (84.2 ± 4.0 years) undergoing TAVI beforehand and at discharge. FLIS scores before TAVI were 9.0 ± 0.46 (max 10, min 7) and 8.9 ± 0.55 (max 10, min 7) at discharge, not signifi cantly different. Only 1 patient (1.5%) developed early postoperative pneumonia. Conclusions: Swallowing dysfunction and postoperative pneumonia in elderly patients undergoing TAVI are rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-118
Number of pages5
JournalTopics in Geriatric Rehabilitation
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Dysphagia
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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