In this paper, symmetry analysis is extended to study nonlocal differential equations. In particular, two integrable nonlocal equations are investigated, the nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the nonlocal modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. Based on general theory, Lie point symmetries are obtained and used to reduce these equations to nonlocal and local ordinary differential equations, separately; namely, one symmetry may allow reductions to both nonlocal and local equations, depending on how the invariant variables are chosen. For the nonlocal modified Korteweg-de Vries equation, analogously to the local situation, all reduced local equations are integrable. We also define complex transformations to connect nonlocal differential equations and differential-difference equations.
- Continuous symmetry
- Integrable nonlocal partial differential equations
- Symmetry reduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)