Synergistic effect of epinephrine and shearing on platelet activation

Shinya Goto, Shunnosuke Handa, Eiichi Takahashi, Sumihisa Abe, Makoto Handa, Yasuo Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platelet activation mediated through the interaction between von Willebrand factor (vWF) and platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib is known to occur under high shear rate. We have demonstrated that low concentration of epinephrine could reduce the threshold level of shear rate necessary to cause platelet activation with purified system devoid of the effect of plasma proteins other than vWF. Both the extent of platelet aggregation and [Ca2+]i were continuously measured with optically modified cone-and-plate viscometer. No aggregation with no change in [Ca2+]i occurred under shear rate less than 7,200 s-1 in the absence of exogeneously added epinephrine. Epinephrine enhanced platelet aggregation under moderate level of shear rate (7,200 s-1) in a dose dependent manner. Significant aggregation with rise in [Ca2+]i was demonstrated even under the low shear rate of 1,200 s-1 when exogeneously added low concentration of epinephrine (0.05 μM) which did not cause platelet activation by itself was present. Aggregation and rise in [Ca2+]i under low shear in the presence of epinephrine was abolished by monoclonal antibodies against A1 domain of vWF or GP Ib, like aggregation and the rise in [Ca2+]i occurred under high shear rate (10.800 s-1). α2-receptor blockade yohimbine completely antagonized the enhancing effects of epinephrine. Our findings suggested that epinephrine and shearing synergistically activated platelets through vWF interaction to GP Ib, which might suggest the role of sympathetic stimulation for the onset of acute arterial thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Platelet Activation
Epinephrine
von Willebrand Factor
Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex
Platelet Aggregation
Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
Yohimbine
Blood Proteins
Thrombosis
Blood Platelets
Monoclonal Antibodies

Keywords

  • epinephrine
  • GP Ib
  • shear
  • thrombus
  • von Willebrand factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Hematology

Cite this

Goto, S., Handa, S., Takahashi, E., Abe, S., Handa, M., & Ikeda, Y. (1996). Synergistic effect of epinephrine and shearing on platelet activation. Thrombosis Research, 84(5), 351-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0049-3848(96)00199-5

Synergistic effect of epinephrine and shearing on platelet activation. / Goto, Shinya; Handa, Shunnosuke; Takahashi, Eiichi; Abe, Sumihisa; Handa, Makoto; Ikeda, Yasuo.

In: Thrombosis Research, Vol. 84, No. 5, 01.12.1996, p. 351-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goto, S, Handa, S, Takahashi, E, Abe, S, Handa, M & Ikeda, Y 1996, 'Synergistic effect of epinephrine and shearing on platelet activation', Thrombosis Research, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 351-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0049-3848(96)00199-5
Goto, Shinya ; Handa, Shunnosuke ; Takahashi, Eiichi ; Abe, Sumihisa ; Handa, Makoto ; Ikeda, Yasuo. / Synergistic effect of epinephrine and shearing on platelet activation. In: Thrombosis Research. 1996 ; Vol. 84, No. 5. pp. 351-359.
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