Synergistic effect of polyoxometalates in combination with oxacillin against methicillin-resistant and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a high initial inoculum of 1 × 108 cfu/ml for in vivo test

M. Inoue, T. Suzuki, Y. Fujita, M. Oda, N. Matsumoto, J. Iijima, T. Yamase

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Abstract

Synergistic effect of polyoxometalates, K6[P2W18O62]·14H 2O (P2W18), K4[SiMo12O40]·3H2O (SiMo12), K7[PTi2W10O40]·6H 2O (PTi2W10), and K9H5[α-Ge2Ti6W18 O77]·16H2O (Ge2Ti6W18), in combination with a β-lactam oxacillin against methicillin-resistant and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (characterized by possessing the penicillin-binding protein 2′ (PBP2′) as a cell-wall synthesis enzyme) with a high initial inoculum of 1 × 108 cfu/ml (for in vivo test) was investigated with a help of the growth curve and the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses. The growth curves showing the suppression of cell proliferation of the strains based on the synergistic effect of the polyoxometalates in combination with oxacillin indicated a recovery of the cell proliferation during continuous cultivation. The duration of the suppression of the cell proliferation increased with increasing the concentration of the polyoxometalates, depending on the amounts of the initial inoculum of the strain. The RT-PCR results for P2W18, SiMo12, and PTi2W10 indicated the suppression of expression of the PBP2′-encoding mecA gene in contrast to the ones for Ge2Ti6W18. The difference in the RT-PCR results among the polyoxometalates suggests that there remain other factors for the inhibition of PBP2′ production such as post-transcription process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 1

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Keywords

  • High initial inoculum
  • MRSA
  • Polyoxometalates
  • VRSA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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