Synthesis and Reactivity of Phosphine-Quinolinolato Rhodium Complexes: Intermediacy of Vinylidene and (Amino)carbene Complexes in the Catalytic Hydroamination of Terminal Alkynes

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Abstract

We report here on the syntheses of rhodium(I) complexes bearing a phosphine-quinolinolate ligand and the isolation of two classes of important intermediates in the anti-Markovnikov hydroamination of terminal alkynes with secondary amines: vinylidene-bridged dirhodium complexes and (amino)carbene complexes. We first prepared various rhodium(I) complexes bearing a phosphine-quinolinolate ligand and found that some of these complexes had catalytic activity for the anti-Markovnikov hydroamination of terminal alkynes with secondary amines. The reaction of stoichiometric amounts of a (PNO)Rh complex with terminal alkynes provided vinylidene-bridged dirhodium complexes. When the resulting vinylidene complexes were reacted with secondary amines, (amino)carbene complexes were generated, which gave the hydroamination product upon heating with an additive. These results suggest that this anti-Markovnikov hydroamination catalyzed by (PNO)Rh complexes proceeds via vinylidene and (amino)carbene complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4112-4125
Number of pages14
JournalOrganometallics
Volume35
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 27

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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