Synthesis and thermophysical properties of Tetrabutylammonium picolinate hydrate as an energy storage phase change material for cold chain

Kohei Yamamoto, Taro Iwai, Kai Hiraga, Takashi Miyamoto, Atsushi Hotta, Ryo Ohmura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ionic semiclathrate hydrates, the water-based phase change materials (PCMs) have potential for thermal energy storage media. There are a number of hydrates, reported in the literature, which are suitable as PCMs for air conditioning system of the required temperature range 10–15 °C. In this study, Tetrabutylammonium picolinate hydrate (TBAPi hydrate) was newly synthesized as a PCM for the cold chain, which has a lower phase equilibrium temperature than the previously reported hydrates. Thermophysical properties of TBAPi hydrate were experimentally measured. The hydrate dissociation heat was determined using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The phase equilibrium temperature was measured by visually observing system with a CMOS camera and microscope. Also, the cycling test was conducted to confirm the long-term stability of thermophysical properties. The largest dissociation heat was 157.7 ± 4.9 kJ・kg−1 at a mass fraction of TBAPi aqueous solution, wTBAPi of 0.37. The highest phase equilibrium temperature of TBAPi hydrate was 5.5 °C at 0.34 ≤ wTBAPi ≤ 0.36. These thermophysical properties did not change even after 200 cycles of hydrate formation and dissociation. Based on the experimental results, TBAPi hydrate can be applied to the transport and storage of vaccines, blood packs, and perishable foods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105812
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov 30

Keywords

  • Cold chain
  • Hydrate
  • Phase change materials
  • Thermal energy storage
  • Thermophysical property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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