Synthesis, kinetic study, and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor

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Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the synthesis, kinetic and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor. The Li 4 SiO 4 powder sample was prepared via a solid-state reaction. The sample was characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and verified as a single phase. The median diameter of the sample was measured using the laser diffraction and scattering method as about 20 μm. The synthesized sample was suspended in binary molten carbonate of Li 2 CO 3 –K 2 CO 3 having a molar ratio of 38:62. The experimental results show that Li 4 SiO 4 in the slurry bubble column absorbed approximately a stoichiometric amount of CO 2 . The kinetic study shows that the CO 2 reaction behavior on the Li 4 SiO 4 surface was fitted to a double exponential model and the limiting step of the reaction was lithium diffusion. The mass transfer coefficient of CO 2 and rate constant of reaction with Li 4 SiO 4 were studied to understand the overall absorption mechanism in the reactor. The resistance for the direct reaction of CO 2 on the Li 4 SiO 4 was much smaller than the resistance for the mass transfer of CO 2 to the Li 4 SiO 4 . We can conclude that the direct contact of CO 2 with Li 4 SiO 4 was the main path for the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemical Engineering Communications
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Bubble columns
Carbon Monoxide
Mass transfer
Kinetics
Solid state reactions
X ray diffraction analysis
Molten materials
Carbonates
Rate constants
Lithium
Diffraction
Scattering
Powders
Lasers

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • High temperature
  • Kinetic model
  • Lithium silicate
  • Molten carbonate
  • Slurry bubble column

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis, kinetic study, and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor",
abstract = "This study was performed to investigate the synthesis, kinetic and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor. The Li 4 SiO 4 powder sample was prepared via a solid-state reaction. The sample was characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and verified as a single phase. The median diameter of the sample was measured using the laser diffraction and scattering method as about 20 μm. The synthesized sample was suspended in binary molten carbonate of Li 2 CO 3 –K 2 CO 3 having a molar ratio of 38:62. The experimental results show that Li 4 SiO 4 in the slurry bubble column absorbed approximately a stoichiometric amount of CO 2 . The kinetic study shows that the CO 2 reaction behavior on the Li 4 SiO 4 surface was fitted to a double exponential model and the limiting step of the reaction was lithium diffusion. The mass transfer coefficient of CO 2 and rate constant of reaction with Li 4 SiO 4 were studied to understand the overall absorption mechanism in the reactor. The resistance for the direct reaction of CO 2 on the Li 4 SiO 4 was much smaller than the resistance for the mass transfer of CO 2 to the Li 4 SiO 4 . We can conclude that the direct contact of CO 2 with Li 4 SiO 4 was the main path for the reaction.",
keywords = "CO capture, High temperature, Kinetic model, Lithium silicate, Molten carbonate, Slurry bubble column",
author = "Yugo Kanai and Koichi Terasaka and Satoko Fujioka",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00986445.2019.1613229",
language = "English",
journal = "Chemical Engineering Communications",
issn = "0098-6445",
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AU - Kanai, Yugo

AU - Terasaka, Koichi

AU - Fujioka, Satoko

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - This study was performed to investigate the synthesis, kinetic and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor. The Li 4 SiO 4 powder sample was prepared via a solid-state reaction. The sample was characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and verified as a single phase. The median diameter of the sample was measured using the laser diffraction and scattering method as about 20 μm. The synthesized sample was suspended in binary molten carbonate of Li 2 CO 3 –K 2 CO 3 having a molar ratio of 38:62. The experimental results show that Li 4 SiO 4 in the slurry bubble column absorbed approximately a stoichiometric amount of CO 2 . The kinetic study shows that the CO 2 reaction behavior on the Li 4 SiO 4 surface was fitted to a double exponential model and the limiting step of the reaction was lithium diffusion. The mass transfer coefficient of CO 2 and rate constant of reaction with Li 4 SiO 4 were studied to understand the overall absorption mechanism in the reactor. The resistance for the direct reaction of CO 2 on the Li 4 SiO 4 was much smaller than the resistance for the mass transfer of CO 2 to the Li 4 SiO 4 . We can conclude that the direct contact of CO 2 with Li 4 SiO 4 was the main path for the reaction.

AB - This study was performed to investigate the synthesis, kinetic and reaction mechanism of Li 4 SiO 4 with CO 2 in a slurry bubble column reactor. The Li 4 SiO 4 powder sample was prepared via a solid-state reaction. The sample was characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and verified as a single phase. The median diameter of the sample was measured using the laser diffraction and scattering method as about 20 μm. The synthesized sample was suspended in binary molten carbonate of Li 2 CO 3 –K 2 CO 3 having a molar ratio of 38:62. The experimental results show that Li 4 SiO 4 in the slurry bubble column absorbed approximately a stoichiometric amount of CO 2 . The kinetic study shows that the CO 2 reaction behavior on the Li 4 SiO 4 surface was fitted to a double exponential model and the limiting step of the reaction was lithium diffusion. The mass transfer coefficient of CO 2 and rate constant of reaction with Li 4 SiO 4 were studied to understand the overall absorption mechanism in the reactor. The resistance for the direct reaction of CO 2 on the Li 4 SiO 4 was much smaller than the resistance for the mass transfer of CO 2 to the Li 4 SiO 4 . We can conclude that the direct contact of CO 2 with Li 4 SiO 4 was the main path for the reaction.

KW - CO capture

KW - High temperature

KW - Kinetic model

KW - Lithium silicate

KW - Molten carbonate

KW - Slurry bubble column

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