Synthesis of β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acids through the orthoamide-type overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester and stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction: Development and application to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F

Tomoya Sugai, Shunme Usui, Shun Tsuzaki, Hiroki Oishi, Daichi Yasushima, Shoko Hisada, Takahiro Fukuyasu, Takeshi Oishi, Takaaki Satou, Noritaka Chida

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Abstract

The development of a two-step synthesis for β-hydroxy-α,α- disubstituted amino acid derivatives from cyclic orthoamide is reported. The first step is the orthoamide-type Overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester to give a sterically hindered α,α-disubstituted amidoester. The α,β-unsaturated ester is known to be a challenging substrate in the conventional Overman rearrangement due to the competitive aza-Michael reaction. However, suppression of the aza-Michael reaction is realized by two factors; 1) the high reaction temperature, and 2) an alkyl substituent at the α-position. The second step is stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction for the installation of a hydroxy group at the β-position. Either syn- or anti-type SN2′ reaction is possible by simply changing the reaction conditions. The developed method can provide all four possible stereoisomers of the β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acid, and is successfully applied to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-607
Number of pages14
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Esters
Amino Acids
Stereoisomerism
Derivatives
Substrates
Temperature
sphingofungin F

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis of β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acids through the orthoamide-type overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester and stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction: Development and application to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F",
abstract = "The development of a two-step synthesis for β-hydroxy-α,α- disubstituted amino acid derivatives from cyclic orthoamide is reported. The first step is the orthoamide-type Overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester to give a sterically hindered α,α-disubstituted amidoester. The α,β-unsaturated ester is known to be a challenging substrate in the conventional Overman rearrangement due to the competitive aza-Michael reaction. However, suppression of the aza-Michael reaction is realized by two factors; 1) the high reaction temperature, and 2) an alkyl substituent at the α-position. The second step is stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction for the installation of a hydroxy group at the β-position. Either syn- or anti-type SN2′ reaction is possible by simply changing the reaction conditions. The developed method can provide all four possible stereoisomers of the β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acid, and is successfully applied to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F.",
author = "Tomoya Sugai and Shunme Usui and Shun Tsuzaki and Hiroki Oishi and Daichi Yasushima and Shoko Hisada and Takahiro Fukuyasu and Takeshi Oishi and Takaaki Satou and Noritaka Chida",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acids through the orthoamide-type overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester and stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction

T2 - Development and application to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F

AU - Sugai, Tomoya

AU - Usui, Shunme

AU - Tsuzaki, Shun

AU - Oishi, Hiroki

AU - Yasushima, Daichi

AU - Hisada, Shoko

AU - Fukuyasu, Takahiro

AU - Oishi, Takeshi

AU - Satou, Takaaki

AU - Chida, Noritaka

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The development of a two-step synthesis for β-hydroxy-α,α- disubstituted amino acid derivatives from cyclic orthoamide is reported. The first step is the orthoamide-type Overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester to give a sterically hindered α,α-disubstituted amidoester. The α,β-unsaturated ester is known to be a challenging substrate in the conventional Overman rearrangement due to the competitive aza-Michael reaction. However, suppression of the aza-Michael reaction is realized by two factors; 1) the high reaction temperature, and 2) an alkyl substituent at the α-position. The second step is stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction for the installation of a hydroxy group at the β-position. Either syn- or anti-type SN2′ reaction is possible by simply changing the reaction conditions. The developed method can provide all four possible stereoisomers of the β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acid, and is successfully applied to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F.

AB - The development of a two-step synthesis for β-hydroxy-α,α- disubstituted amino acid derivatives from cyclic orthoamide is reported. The first step is the orthoamide-type Overman rearrangement of an α,β-unsaturated ester to give a sterically hindered α,α-disubstituted amidoester. The α,β-unsaturated ester is known to be a challenging substrate in the conventional Overman rearrangement due to the competitive aza-Michael reaction. However, suppression of the aza-Michael reaction is realized by two factors; 1) the high reaction temperature, and 2) an alkyl substituent at the α-position. The second step is stereodivergent intramolecular SN2′ reaction for the installation of a hydroxy group at the β-position. Either syn- or anti-type SN2′ reaction is possible by simply changing the reaction conditions. The developed method can provide all four possible stereoisomers of the β-hydroxy-α,α-disubstituted amino acid, and is successfully applied to the total synthesis of sphingofungin F.

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