A formal synthesis of the antitumor diterpenoid paclitaxel (Taxol) is described. The ABC ring of paclitaxel, synthesized starting from 1,3-cyclohexanedione and tri-O-acetyl-d-glucal by SmI<inf>2</inf>-mediated cyclization as the key transformation, was successfully converted to Takahashi's tetracyclic oxetane intermediate. A double Chugaev reaction was employed for introduction of the strained bridgehead olefin, and stereoselective formation of the oxetane ring afforded the known synthetic intermediate, completing the formal synthesis of paclitaxel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry