Pt nanoparticles were loaded on Y2WO6:Eu3+ phosphor microspheres to enhance hydrogen sensitivity at low temperatures through turn-off luminescence. Mesoporous Y2WO6:Eu3+ microspheres were synthesized first by a hydrothermal method. Pt loading on the surface of the Y2WO6:Eu3+ microspheres was then carried out by a method of the self-regulated reduction of surfactants using aqueous K2PtCl4 solutions. Structural and morphological properties of unloaded and Pt-loaded Y2WO6:Eu3+ microspheres were investigated by various techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The relative photoluminescence intensity of the Pt-loaded Y2WO6:Eu3+ microspheres, due to 5D0 → 7FJ (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) electronic transitions of doped Eu3+ ions, was found to decrease as low as 22% after the microspheres were kept in the hydrogen gas atmosphere at a low temperature of 150 °C for 15 min. Meanwhile, mechanisms underlying this turn-off luminescence of the Pt/Y2WO6:Eu3+ microspheres in response to hydrogen gas are illustrated in detail.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)