The synthetic isoprenoid N-solanesyl-N,N'-bis(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)ethylenediamine (SDB) is known to reserve drug resistance in human multidrug-resistant KB cells. SDB inhibits the photolabeling of P-glycoprotein with the vinblastine analog N-(p-axido-(3-125I)salicyl)-N'-β-aminoethylvindesine. We synthesized photoactive radioactive SDB and used it to photoaffinity label membrane vesicles from human KB cells and their multidrug-resistant subline KB-C2 cells. A 150 to 170 kDa protein in membrane vesicles from KB-C2 cells was specifically labeled by the photoanalog of SDB. The labeled band was not detectable in parenteral drug-sensitive cells. The photolabeled 150 to 170 kDa protein was immunoprecipitated with a monoclonal antibody (C219) specific to P-glycoprotein. P-glycoprotein labeling was inhibited by anticancer agents, vinblastine, vincristine, actinomycin D, and daunomycin, with half-maximal inhibition at 2.0, 2.3, 18, and 23 μM, respectively. Only 33 and 18% of the labeling was inhibited by 100 μM Adriamycin and colchicine, respectively. The labeling was also inhibited by agents that reverse multidrug resistance, such as verapamil, reserpine, cepharanthine, and SDB. The existence of other molecules that specifically bind to 125I-SDB-photoanalog was suggested in both KB and KB-C2 membrane vesicles. The fact that we could identify the synthetic isoprenoid acceptor in membrane vesicles from multidrug-resistant cells confirms that P-glycoprotein plays a role in the multidrug resistance phenotype and provides an explanation for the fact that SDB circumvents multidrug resistance.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
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