Tailored design of boron-doped diamond electrodes for various electrochemical applications with boron-doping level and sp2-bonded carbon impurities

Takeshi Watanabe, Yuki Honda, Kazuhiro Kanda, Yasuaki Einaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of sp2-bonded carbon impurities on the electrochemical properties of boron-doped diamond were investigated in moderately ([B] < 1020cm-3) and heavily ([B] > 1021cm-3) boron doping levels. Significant influences of sp2-bonded carbon impurities, which show glassy carbon-like electrochemical properties after anodic oxidation, were observed in heavily boron-doped diamond. This indicated that the significant effects of enhanced adsorption properties were possibly caused by surface relaxation of the strains induced by heavy boron doping and sp2-bonded carbon impurities. On the other hand, their durability was still similar to diamond electrodes rather than glassy-carbon electrodes because of the low fraction of sp2-bonded carbon impurities. Such "active" diamond electrodes are much less suitable for wastewater treatment than ordinary diamond electrodes due to a different oxygenevolution mechanism. On the other hand, "active" BDD electrodes have a much higher efficiency for electrochemical ozone production than other BDD electrodes. The electrode properties of BDD can be designed by controlling the boron doping level and introducing the sp2-bonded carbon impurities. The guidelines proposed in this study can be used effectively to design electrodes according to their individual application, such as for use as electrochemical sensors, in wastewater treatment or electrochemical ozone production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2709-2717
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec


  • Boron
  • Carbon
  • Diamond
  • Doping
  • Electrochemical properties
  • Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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