Tailored design of boron-doped diamond electrodes for various electrochemical applications with boron-doping level and sp2-bonded carbon impurities

Takeshi Watanabe, Yuki Honda, Kazuhiro Kanda, Yasuaki Einaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of sp2-bonded carbon impurities on the electrochemical properties of boron-doped diamond were investigated in moderately ([B] < 1020cm-3) and heavily ([B] > 1021cm-3) boron doping levels. Significant influences of sp2-bonded carbon impurities, which show glassy carbon-like electrochemical properties after anodic oxidation, were observed in heavily boron-doped diamond. This indicated that the significant effects of enhanced adsorption properties were possibly caused by surface relaxation of the strains induced by heavy boron doping and sp2-bonded carbon impurities. On the other hand, their durability was still similar to diamond electrodes rather than glassy-carbon electrodes because of the low fraction of sp2-bonded carbon impurities. Such "active" diamond electrodes are much less suitable for wastewater treatment than ordinary diamond electrodes due to a different oxygenevolution mechanism. On the other hand, "active" BDD electrodes have a much higher efficiency for electrochemical ozone production than other BDD electrodes. The electrode properties of BDD can be designed by controlling the boron doping level and introducing the sp2-bonded carbon impurities. The guidelines proposed in this study can be used effectively to design electrodes according to their individual application, such as for use as electrochemical sensors, in wastewater treatment or electrochemical ozone production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2709-2717
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Volume211
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Diamond
Boron
Diamonds
boron
Carbon
diamonds
Doping (additives)
Impurities
impurities
Electrodes
electrodes
carbon
Ozone
glassy carbon
Glassy carbon
Electrochemical properties
Wastewater treatment
ozone
Surface relaxation
Electrochemical sensors

Keywords

  • Boron
  • Carbon
  • Diamond
  • Doping
  • Electrochemical properties
  • Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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T1 - Tailored design of boron-doped diamond electrodes for various electrochemical applications with boron-doping level and sp2-bonded carbon impurities

AU - Watanabe, Takeshi

AU - Honda, Yuki

AU - Kanda, Kazuhiro

AU - Einaga, Yasuaki

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The effects of sp2-bonded carbon impurities on the electrochemical properties of boron-doped diamond were investigated in moderately ([B] < 1020cm-3) and heavily ([B] > 1021cm-3) boron doping levels. Significant influences of sp2-bonded carbon impurities, which show glassy carbon-like electrochemical properties after anodic oxidation, were observed in heavily boron-doped diamond. This indicated that the significant effects of enhanced adsorption properties were possibly caused by surface relaxation of the strains induced by heavy boron doping and sp2-bonded carbon impurities. On the other hand, their durability was still similar to diamond electrodes rather than glassy-carbon electrodes because of the low fraction of sp2-bonded carbon impurities. Such "active" diamond electrodes are much less suitable for wastewater treatment than ordinary diamond electrodes due to a different oxygenevolution mechanism. On the other hand, "active" BDD electrodes have a much higher efficiency for electrochemical ozone production than other BDD electrodes. The electrode properties of BDD can be designed by controlling the boron doping level and introducing the sp2-bonded carbon impurities. The guidelines proposed in this study can be used effectively to design electrodes according to their individual application, such as for use as electrochemical sensors, in wastewater treatment or electrochemical ozone production.

AB - The effects of sp2-bonded carbon impurities on the electrochemical properties of boron-doped diamond were investigated in moderately ([B] < 1020cm-3) and heavily ([B] > 1021cm-3) boron doping levels. Significant influences of sp2-bonded carbon impurities, which show glassy carbon-like electrochemical properties after anodic oxidation, were observed in heavily boron-doped diamond. This indicated that the significant effects of enhanced adsorption properties were possibly caused by surface relaxation of the strains induced by heavy boron doping and sp2-bonded carbon impurities. On the other hand, their durability was still similar to diamond electrodes rather than glassy-carbon electrodes because of the low fraction of sp2-bonded carbon impurities. Such "active" diamond electrodes are much less suitable for wastewater treatment than ordinary diamond electrodes due to a different oxygenevolution mechanism. On the other hand, "active" BDD electrodes have a much higher efficiency for electrochemical ozone production than other BDD electrodes. The electrode properties of BDD can be designed by controlling the boron doping level and introducing the sp2-bonded carbon impurities. The guidelines proposed in this study can be used effectively to design electrodes according to their individual application, such as for use as electrochemical sensors, in wastewater treatment or electrochemical ozone production.

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KW - Carbon

KW - Diamond

KW - Doping

KW - Electrochemical properties

KW - Electrodes

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