Talking about walking: Biomechanics and the language of locomotion: Research article

Barbara C. Malt, Silvia Gennari, Mutsumi Imai, Eef Ameel, Naoaki Tsuda, Asifa Majid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

What drives humans around the world to converge in certain ways in their naming while diverging dramatically in others? We studied how naming patterns are constrained by investigating whether labeling of human locomotion reflects the biomechanical discontinuity between walking and running gaits. Similarity judgments of a student locomoting on a treadmill at different slopes and speeds revealed perception of this discontinuity. Naming judgments of the same clips by speakers of English, Japanese, Spanish, and Dutch showed lexical distinctions between walking and running consistent with the perceived discontinuity. Typicality judgments showed that major gait terms of the four languages share goodness-of-example gradients. These data demonstrate that naming reflects the biomechanical discontinuity between walking and running and that shared elements of naming can arise from correlations among stimulus properties that are dynamic and fleeting. The results support the proposal that converging naming patterns reflect structure in the world, not only acts of construction by observers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Science
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar
Externally publishedYes

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Locomotion
Biomechanical Phenomena
Running
Walking
Language
Gait
Research
Surgical Instruments
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Talking about walking : Biomechanics and the language of locomotion: Research article. / Malt, Barbara C.; Gennari, Silvia; Imai, Mutsumi; Ameel, Eef; Tsuda, Naoaki; Majid, Asifa.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 19, No. 3, 03.2008, p. 232-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malt, Barbara C. ; Gennari, Silvia ; Imai, Mutsumi ; Ameel, Eef ; Tsuda, Naoaki ; Majid, Asifa. / Talking about walking : Biomechanics and the language of locomotion: Research article. In: Psychological Science. 2008 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 232-240.
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