A new method of chromatography is proposed, utilizing a thermo-responsive polymer carrying an amino acid ester residue for the stationary phase of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). We have been investigating the new concept of chromatography, a temperature-responsive chromatography, using temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)-modified surface for HPLC with a constant aqueous media as the mobile phase. In this study, we designed and synthesized thermo-responsive poly(acryloyl-l-proline methyl ester) and its copolymer with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm). Homopolymers of acryloyl-l-proline methyl ester and copolymer were prepared by the reaction of radical telomerization. These polymers underwent a reversible phase transition from water-soluble forms into aggregates by changing the temperature, similar to PNIPAAm. The surface properties and functions of stationary phases modified with poly(acryloyl-l-proline methyl ester) were controlled by the external temperature. In the chromatographic system, we separated steroids and amino acids with a variety of hydrophobicities using a sole aqueous mobile phase. In contrast to a PNIPAAm-modified surface, a poly(acryloyl-l-proline methyl ester)-modified surface showed a greater affinity for hydrophobic amino acids.
- Amino acids
- Hydrophobic interaction chromatography
- Poly(acryloyl-l-proline methyl ester)
- Temperature-responsive polymer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry