Temporally, spatially or light-like modulated vacua in lorentz invariant theories

Sven Bjarke Gudnason, Muneto Nitta, Shin Sasaki, Ryo Yokokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study the vacuum structure of a class of Lorentz invariant field theories where the vacuum expectation values are not constant but are (phase) modulated. The vacua are classified into spatial, temporal, and light-like modulation types according to the patterns of spontaneous breaking of translational symmetry. The conditions for having temporal or light-like modulated vacua imply severe constraints on the models. We utilize the notion of generalized Nambu-Goldstone modes which appear in the modulated vacua. Finally, we examine fluctuation modes around these vacua and discuss their dynamics and the absence of ghosts.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Temporally, spatially or light-like modulated vacua in lorentz invariant theories'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this