Tensile behavior of polypropylene blended with bimodal distribution of styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene particle size

Hiroyuki Mae, Masaki Omiya, Kikuo Kishimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


The objective is to characterize the effects of the bimodal distribution of rubber particles and its blend ratio on the mechanical properties of the thermoplastic polypropylene blended with two different styrene-ethylene- butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer at the intermediate and high strain rates. Tensile tests are conducted at the nominal strain rates from 3 × 10 -1 to 102 (1/s). Phase morphology is investigated to estimate the bimodal rubber particle size distribution. In addition, the in situ observation is conducted during uniaxially stretching within transmission electron microscopy step by step to investigate the deformation events depending on the elongation of samples. The elastic modulus increased gradually as the blend ratio of large rubber particle increased. An increase in the rupture strain and the strain energy up to failure was found for the bimodal rubber particle distributed blend system where the blend ratios of small rubber particle and large rubber particle were same. This is because the smaller particles dominant blend systems show the bandlike craze deformation while the localized plastic deformation is taken place in the larger particles dominated blend systems. The synergistic effect of these rubber particles gives rise to a strong increase in the ductility of these bimodal rubber particle distributed polypropylene systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3520-3528
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 15



  • Crazing
  • Mechanical properties
  • Particle size distribution
  • Poly(propylene)
  • TEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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