TGF-β-dependent reprogramming of amino acid metabolism induces epithelial–mesenchymal transition in non-small cell lung cancers

Fumie Nakasuka, Sho Tabata, Takeharu Sakamoto, Akiyoshi Hirayama, Hiromichi Ebi, Tadaaki Yamada, Ko Umetsu, Maki Ohishi, Ayano Ueno, Hisatsugu Goto, Masahiro Sugimoto, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Yasuhiro Yamada, Masaru Tomita, Atsuo T. Sasaki, Seiji Yano, Tomoyoshi Soga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT)—a fundamental process in embryogenesis and wound healing—promotes tumor metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. While studies have identified signaling components and transcriptional factors responsible in the TGF-β-dependent EMT, whether and how intracellular metabolism is integrated with EMT remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we showed that TGF-β induces reprogramming of intracellular amino acid metabolism, which is necessary to promote EMT in non-small cell lung cancer cells. Combined metabolome and transcriptome analysis identified prolyl 4-hydroxylase α3 (P4HA3), an enzyme implicated in cancer metabolism, to be upregulated during TGF-β stimulation. Further, knockdown of P4HA3 diminished TGF-β-dependent changes in amino acids, EMT, and tumor metastasis. Conversely, manipulation of extracellular amino acids induced EMT-like responses without TGF-β stimulation. These results suggest a previously unappreciated requirement for the reprogramming of amino acid metabolism via P4HA3 for TGF-β-dependent EMT and implicate a P4HA3 inhibitor as a potential therapeutic agent for cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number782
JournalCommunications biology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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