The attitudes of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning towards blitzed cities in 1940s Britain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

German air raids during the Second World War damaged many British cities. Plymouth is one of the few cities in Britain that has persisted in its aim of comprehensively rebuilding the gutted city centre. It is also one of the few cities whose city centre plans gained approval during the 1940s from the Ministry responsible for town planning. Plymouth's plan was elaborated by Patrick Abercrombie, an eminent planner of the day, and Paton Watson, the city's engineer. Most other blitzed cities were not able to obtain a ministerial approval, and some ultimately abandoned their initial plans. This article considers the relationship between the government and Plymouth, especially from the viewpoint of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, established during the war. In examining the Plymouth case through the prism of the new Ministry and comparing it with the circumstances of other blitzed cities, this article shows that the attitudes of the Ministry officials in their relationships with blitzed cities were at fault, and that they were consequently unable to intervene in a sufficiently effective and timely way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-289
Number of pages19
JournalPlanning Perspectives
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

Fingerprint

ministry
town
planning
city center
town planning
World War
engineer
air
city
plan

Keywords

  • blitzed cities
  • central and local government relationship
  • Ministry of Town and Country Planning
  • Plymouth
  • UK post-war reconstruction planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

The attitudes of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning towards blitzed cities in 1940s Britain. / Hasegawa, Junichi.

In: Planning Perspectives, Vol. 28, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 271-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{edc3e066c564479f96a1913031cdc8ff,
title = "The attitudes of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning towards blitzed cities in 1940s Britain",
abstract = "German air raids during the Second World War damaged many British cities. Plymouth is one of the few cities in Britain that has persisted in its aim of comprehensively rebuilding the gutted city centre. It is also one of the few cities whose city centre plans gained approval during the 1940s from the Ministry responsible for town planning. Plymouth's plan was elaborated by Patrick Abercrombie, an eminent planner of the day, and Paton Watson, the city's engineer. Most other blitzed cities were not able to obtain a ministerial approval, and some ultimately abandoned their initial plans. This article considers the relationship between the government and Plymouth, especially from the viewpoint of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, established during the war. In examining the Plymouth case through the prism of the new Ministry and comparing it with the circumstances of other blitzed cities, this article shows that the attitudes of the Ministry officials in their relationships with blitzed cities were at fault, and that they were consequently unable to intervene in a sufficiently effective and timely way.",
keywords = "blitzed cities, central and local government relationship, Ministry of Town and Country Planning, Plymouth, UK post-war reconstruction planning",
author = "Junichi Hasegawa",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1080/02665433.2013.737712",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "271--289",
journal = "Planning Perspectives",
issn = "0266-5433",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The attitudes of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning towards blitzed cities in 1940s Britain

AU - Hasegawa, Junichi

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - German air raids during the Second World War damaged many British cities. Plymouth is one of the few cities in Britain that has persisted in its aim of comprehensively rebuilding the gutted city centre. It is also one of the few cities whose city centre plans gained approval during the 1940s from the Ministry responsible for town planning. Plymouth's plan was elaborated by Patrick Abercrombie, an eminent planner of the day, and Paton Watson, the city's engineer. Most other blitzed cities were not able to obtain a ministerial approval, and some ultimately abandoned their initial plans. This article considers the relationship between the government and Plymouth, especially from the viewpoint of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, established during the war. In examining the Plymouth case through the prism of the new Ministry and comparing it with the circumstances of other blitzed cities, this article shows that the attitudes of the Ministry officials in their relationships with blitzed cities were at fault, and that they were consequently unable to intervene in a sufficiently effective and timely way.

AB - German air raids during the Second World War damaged many British cities. Plymouth is one of the few cities in Britain that has persisted in its aim of comprehensively rebuilding the gutted city centre. It is also one of the few cities whose city centre plans gained approval during the 1940s from the Ministry responsible for town planning. Plymouth's plan was elaborated by Patrick Abercrombie, an eminent planner of the day, and Paton Watson, the city's engineer. Most other blitzed cities were not able to obtain a ministerial approval, and some ultimately abandoned their initial plans. This article considers the relationship between the government and Plymouth, especially from the viewpoint of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, established during the war. In examining the Plymouth case through the prism of the new Ministry and comparing it with the circumstances of other blitzed cities, this article shows that the attitudes of the Ministry officials in their relationships with blitzed cities were at fault, and that they were consequently unable to intervene in a sufficiently effective and timely way.

KW - blitzed cities

KW - central and local government relationship

KW - Ministry of Town and Country Planning

KW - Plymouth

KW - UK post-war reconstruction planning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877800633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877800633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02665433.2013.737712

DO - 10.1080/02665433.2013.737712

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84877800633

VL - 28

SP - 271

EP - 289

JO - Planning Perspectives

JF - Planning Perspectives

SN - 0266-5433

IS - 2

ER -