The clinical significance of decrease in CD138 positive cell ratio in multiple myeloma

Junko Inoue, Masahiro Ikeda, Sumito Shingaki, Kanji Miyazaki, Sosuke Meshitsuka, Yu Abe, Rieko Sekine, Nobuhiro Tsukada, Yutaka Hattori, Kenshi Suzuki

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD138 has been considered to be strongly expressed in multiple myeloma cells. However, CD138⁺ cells were decreased in some patients during the course of treatment. To clarify the clinical significance of this finding, we evaluated the correlations of CD138 levels with laboratory data employing flow cytometry. We found that CD138⁺ cells were decreased in 12 patients during treatment and were retained in the remaining 105 patients throughout their clinical courses. For nine (75%) patients in the CD138⁺ cells reduced group, median survival time was 25 months after the reduction in CD138⁺ cells was detected, and all nine died of myeloma. Furthermore, extramedullary lesions and specific cytogenetic abnormalities [del(17p), t(4;14), amplification of c-MYC] were observed in some patients when the number of CD138⁺ cells started to decrease. Interestingly, 2 of 3 patients who survived until the end of observation period showed re-increase in their CD138⁺ levels. Taking these observations together, it is unclear whether reduction of the number of CD138⁺ cells is associated with a poor prognosis and resistance to drugs. However, if treatment does not produce a reincrease in CD138⁺ levels, long term survival might be difficult to achieve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2311-2317
Number of pages7
Journal[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
Volume56
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Inoue, J., Ikeda, M., Shingaki, S., Miyazaki, K., Meshitsuka, S., Abe, Y., Sekine, R., Tsukada, N., Hattori, Y., & Suzuki, K. (2015). The clinical significance of decrease in CD138 positive cell ratio in multiple myeloma. [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology, 56(11), 2311-2317. https://doi.org/10.11406/rinketsu.56.2311