The Desmosome is a Mesoscale Lipid Raft-Like Membrane Domain

Joshua D. Lewis, Amber L. Caldara, Stephanie E. Zimmer, Anna Seybold, Nicole L. Strong, Sara N. Stahley, Achilleas S. Frangakis, Ilya Levental, James K. Wahl, Alexa L. Mattheyses, Takashi Sasaki, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi, Kenichiro Hata, Yoichi Matsubara, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto, Masayuki Amagai, Akiharu Kubo, Andrew P. Kowalczyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Desmogleins are cadherin family adhesion molecules essential for epidermal integrity. Previous studies have shown that desmogleins associate with lipid rafts, but the significance of this association was not clear. Here, we report that the desmoglein transmembrane domain (TMD) is the primary determinant of raft association. Further, we identify a novel mutation in the DSG1 TMD (G562R) that causes severe dermatitis, multiple allergies, and metabolic wasting (SAM) syndrome. Molecular modeling predicts that this G to R mutation shortens the DSG1 TMD, and experiments directly demonstrate that this mutation compromises both lipid raft association and desmosome incorporation. Finally, cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) indicates that the lipid bilayer within the desmosome is ~10% thicker than adjacent regions of the plasma membrane. These findings suggest that differences in bilayer thickness influence the organization of adhesion molecules within the epithelial plasma membrane, with cadherin TMDs recruited to the desmosome via establishment of a specialized mesoscale lipid raft-like membrane domain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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