The direct/indirect association of ADHD/ODD symptoms with self-esteem, self-perception, and depression in early adolescents

Yosuke Kita, Yuki Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to reveal the influences of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms on self-esteem and self-perception during early adolescence and to clarify the spillover effect of self-esteem on depressive symptoms. ADHD symptoms in 564 early adolescents were evaluated via teacher-rating scales. Self-esteem and depressive symptoms were assessed via self-reported scales. We analyzed the relationships among these symptoms using structural equation modeling. Severe inattentive symptoms decreased self-esteem and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms affected self-perception for non-academic domains. Although these ADHD symptoms did not directly affect depressive symptoms, low self-esteem led to severe depression. ODD symptoms had a direct impact on depression without the mediating effects of self-esteem. These results indicated that inattentive symptoms had a negative impact on self-esteem and an indirect negative effect on depressive symptoms in adolescents, even if ADHD symptoms were subthreshold. Severe ODD symptoms can be directly associated with depressive symptoms during early adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume8
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 31
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Depression
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Self-esteem
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The direct/indirect association of ADHD/ODD symptoms with self-esteem, self-perception, and depression in early adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this