Comparison between Japan and other advanced countries shows that the relative poverty rate is high in Japan, and that many of the poor households are those with a non-regular worker. As for mobility between income classes, the proportion of households remaining in the poor class for a long period of time in Japan is close to the average for EU countries. The panel estimation of its effect on wages shows that the raising of the minimum wage is statistically significantly associated with an increase in wages of non-regular workers, in particular, female, but does not seem to decrease employment. The result shows that for male non-regular workers, firm-provided training promotes their transition to regular employment, and that for female non-regular workers, occupational training promotes their transition to regular employment at different firms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics