The effect of Am-80, a synthetic retinoid, on spinal cord injury-induced motor dysfunction in rats

Mitsuko Takenaga, Yuki Ohta, Yukie Tokura, Akemi Hamaguchi, Koichi Shudo, Hideyuki Okano, Rie Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the effect of 4[(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8, -tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)car-bamoyl] benzoic acid (Am-80), a synthetic retinoid, on spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Treatment with Am-80 (orally and subcutaneously) significantly promoted recovery from SCI-induced motor dysfunction. On day 28 after injury, the lesion cavity was markedly reduced, while the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP; myelin), βIIItubulin (neuron), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP; astrocyte) was increased, in comparison with SCI controls. Interestingly, expression of neurotrophin receptor, tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) was over 3-fold higher after Am-80 treatment than in SCI controls. A lot of TrkB-positive cells as well as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-positive ones were observed around the injured site. Am-80 (10 μm) combined with BDNF (100ng/ml) promoted extensive neurite outgrowth and TrkB gene expression by cultured SH-SY5Y cells, as did all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Thymidine incorporation was dramatically suppressed, but there was little effect on cell viability. These findings suggest that Am-80 has the potential to be used for treating neurodegenerative disorders, including SCI. Its efficacy may be partly ascribed to promotion of cell viability and differentiation of neural stem cells through increased TrkB expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Am-80
  • Neurotrophic factor
  • Retinoid
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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