The effects of continuous and withdrawal voluntary wheel running exercise on the expression of senescence-related genes in the visceral adipose tissue of young mice

Masaki Kimura, Seiya Suzuki, Atsushi Moriya, Kazuki Nogami, Ryoei Uchida, Yoshimasa Saito, Hidetsugu Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obesity has become a global medical problem. The upregulation of senescence-related markers in adipose tissue may cause impairment of adipose tissue and disorders of systemic me-tabolism. Weight control through diet has been found to ameliorate senescence in the adipose tissue. Exercise is also important in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, however, very few researchers have examined the relationship between senescence-related markers in adipose tissue. Dietary restriction is also reported to have a legacy effect, wherein the effects are maintained for some periods after the termination of the intervention. However, very few researchers have examined the relationship between exercise and senescence-related markers in adipose tissue. Besides, there is no study on the long-term effects of exercise. Hence, we investigated whether the exercise could change the expression of senescence-related genes in the visceral adipose tissue of young mice and whether there was a legacy effect of exercise for 10 weeks after the termination of exercise. Four-week-old male ICR mice were assigned to one of the three groups: 20 weeks of sedentary condition, 20 weeks of voluntary wheel running exercise, or 10 weeks of exercise followed by 10 weeks of sedentary condition. The mice showed decreased expression in genes related to senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype, such as p53, p16, and IL-6, in the visceral adipose tissue in response to exercise. These effects were maintained for 10 weeks after the mice stopped exercising. Our study is the first report that exercise reduces the expression of senescence-related genes in the visceral adipose tissue of young mice, and that exercise causes the legacy effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number264
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Exercise
  • Legacy effect
  • SASP
  • Senescence-related gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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