The era of the 24-hour society?

Assessing changes in work timing using a Japanese time use survey

Sachiko Kuroda, Isamu Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using data from a Japanese time use survey, we show a noteworthy increase in the share of employees working at unusual hours (late night and early morning) over a period of a decade since the mid-1990s. When controlling for changes in hours worked, however, we find that the notable increase in the fraction of people at work at unusual hours was for low-income nonregular employees (part-time, temporary and contract workers) while relatively higher income regular employees' work timing remains stable. These observations imply that there is a trend of diversification of work timing in Japan between regular and nonregular employees. A possible explanation is that the increase in the average hours worked per weekday by regular employees, possibly because of the spread of the 5-day workweek since the 1990s, increased services and goods demand at unusual hours as they returned home. An Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition suggests that such an increase in the average hours worked by regular employees explains partially the rise in the employment rate of nonregular employees at unusual times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1035-1038
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

Fingerprint

Employees
Hours worked
Contract workers
Japan
Income
Employment rate
Decomposition
Temporary workers
Diversification
Low income

Keywords

  • Hours worked
  • Nonregular employees
  • Regular employees
  • Work timing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

The era of the 24-hour society? Assessing changes in work timing using a Japanese time use survey. / Kuroda, Sachiko; Yamamoto, Isamu.

In: Applied Economics Letters, Vol. 19, No. 11, 07.2012, p. 1035-1038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d255304d47994a3cbd7b3b628b8b96a1,
title = "The era of the 24-hour society?: Assessing changes in work timing using a Japanese time use survey",
abstract = "Using data from a Japanese time use survey, we show a noteworthy increase in the share of employees working at unusual hours (late night and early morning) over a period of a decade since the mid-1990s. When controlling for changes in hours worked, however, we find that the notable increase in the fraction of people at work at unusual hours was for low-income nonregular employees (part-time, temporary and contract workers) while relatively higher income regular employees' work timing remains stable. These observations imply that there is a trend of diversification of work timing in Japan between regular and nonregular employees. A possible explanation is that the increase in the average hours worked per weekday by regular employees, possibly because of the spread of the 5-day workweek since the 1990s, increased services and goods demand at unusual hours as they returned home. An Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition suggests that such an increase in the average hours worked by regular employees explains partially the rise in the employment rate of nonregular employees at unusual times.",
keywords = "Hours worked, Nonregular employees, Regular employees, Work timing",
author = "Sachiko Kuroda and Isamu Yamamoto",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1080/13504851.2011.613740",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "1035--1038",
journal = "Applied Economics Letters",
issn = "1350-4851",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The era of the 24-hour society?

T2 - Assessing changes in work timing using a Japanese time use survey

AU - Kuroda, Sachiko

AU - Yamamoto, Isamu

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - Using data from a Japanese time use survey, we show a noteworthy increase in the share of employees working at unusual hours (late night and early morning) over a period of a decade since the mid-1990s. When controlling for changes in hours worked, however, we find that the notable increase in the fraction of people at work at unusual hours was for low-income nonregular employees (part-time, temporary and contract workers) while relatively higher income regular employees' work timing remains stable. These observations imply that there is a trend of diversification of work timing in Japan between regular and nonregular employees. A possible explanation is that the increase in the average hours worked per weekday by regular employees, possibly because of the spread of the 5-day workweek since the 1990s, increased services and goods demand at unusual hours as they returned home. An Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition suggests that such an increase in the average hours worked by regular employees explains partially the rise in the employment rate of nonregular employees at unusual times.

AB - Using data from a Japanese time use survey, we show a noteworthy increase in the share of employees working at unusual hours (late night and early morning) over a period of a decade since the mid-1990s. When controlling for changes in hours worked, however, we find that the notable increase in the fraction of people at work at unusual hours was for low-income nonregular employees (part-time, temporary and contract workers) while relatively higher income regular employees' work timing remains stable. These observations imply that there is a trend of diversification of work timing in Japan between regular and nonregular employees. A possible explanation is that the increase in the average hours worked per weekday by regular employees, possibly because of the spread of the 5-day workweek since the 1990s, increased services and goods demand at unusual hours as they returned home. An Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition suggests that such an increase in the average hours worked by regular employees explains partially the rise in the employment rate of nonregular employees at unusual times.

KW - Hours worked

KW - Nonregular employees

KW - Regular employees

KW - Work timing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80053478937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80053478937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13504851.2011.613740

DO - 10.1080/13504851.2011.613740

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 1035

EP - 1038

JO - Applied Economics Letters

JF - Applied Economics Letters

SN - 1350-4851

IS - 11

ER -