The exacerbating roles of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in the development of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis and the preventive effects of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) against pulmonary fibrosis in mice

Yuta Tanaka, Yoichi Ishitsuka, Marina Hayasaka, Yusei Yamada, Keishi Miyata, Motoyoshi Endo, Yuki Kondo, Hiroshi Moriuchi, Mitsuru Irikura, Ken Ichiro Tanaka, Tohru Mizushima, Yuichi Oike, Tetsumi Irie

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), an important transcription factor that regulates the inflammatory reaction during the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, in the development of pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin (BLM) in mice. An intratracheal injection of BLM transiently increased the expression of CHOP mRNA and protein in an early phase (days 1 and 3) in mice lungs. BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis was significantly attenuated in Chop gene deficient (Chop KO) mice, compared with wild-type (WT) mice. Furthermore, the inflammatory reactions evaluated by protein concentration, the total number of leucocytes and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), the mRNA expression of interleukin 1b and caspase 11, and the apoptotic cell death were suppressed in Chop KO mice compared with those in WT mice. In addition, administration of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), a pharmacological agent that can inhibit CHOP expression, inhibited the BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis and inflammation, and the increase in Chop mRNA expression in WT mice in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the ER stress-induced transcription factor, CHOP, at least in part, plays an important role in the development of BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice, and that the inhibition of CHOP expression by a pharmacological agent, such as TUDCA, may be a promising strategy for the prevention of pulmonary fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-62
Number of pages11
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 11

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Keywords

  • Bleomycin
  • CHOP
  • Ddit3
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Tauroursodeoxycholic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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