Purpose: Osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) with nonunion or neurological deficit may be a candidate for surgical treatment. However, some patients do not show improvement as expected. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide multicenter study to determine the predictors for postoperative poor activity of daily living (ADL) in patients with OVF. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the case histories of 309 patients with OVF who underwent surgery. To determine the factors predicting postoperative poor ADL, uni- and multivariate statistical analyses were performed. Results: The frequency of poor ADL at final follow-up period was 9.1%. In univariate analysis, preoperative neurological deficit (OR, 4.1; 95% CI, 1.8–10.3; P < 0.001), perioperative complication (OR, 3.4; P = 0.006), absence of preoperative bone-modifying agent (BMA) administration (OR, 2.7; P = 0.03), and absence of postoperative recombinant human parathyroid hormone (rPTH) administration (OR, 3.9; P = 0.006) were significantly associated. In multivariate analysis, preoperative neurological deficit (OR, 4.6; P < 0.001), perioperative complication (OR, 3.4; P = 0.01), and absence of postoperative rPTH administration (OR, 3.9; P = 0.02) showed statistical significance. Conclusions: Preoperative neurological deficit, perioperative complication, and absence of postoperative rPTH administration were considered as predictors for postoperative poor ADL in patients with OVF. Neurological deficits and complications are often inevitable factors; therefore, rPTH is an important option for postoperative treatment for OVF. Graphic abstract: These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- Activity of daily living
- Osteoporotic vertebral fracture
- Parathyroid hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine