The first archaic Homo from Taiwan

Chun Hsiang Chang, Yousuke Kaifu, Masanaru Takai, Reiko Kono, Rainer Grün, Shuji Matsu'Ura, Les Kinsley, Liang Kong Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies of an increasing number of hominin fossils highlight regional and chronological diversities of archaic Homo in the Pleistocene of eastern Asia. However, such a realization is still based on limited geographical occurrences mainly from Indonesia, China and Russian Altai. Here we describe a newly discovered archaic Homo mandible from Taiwan (Penghu 1), which further increases the diversity of Pleistocene Asian hominins. Penghu 1 revealed an unexpectedly late survival (younger than 450 but most likely 190-10 thousand years ago) of robust, apparently primitive dentognathic morphology in the periphery of the continent, which is unknown among the penecontemporaneous fossil records from other regions of Asia except for the mid-Middle Pleistocene Homo from Hexian, Eastern China. Such patterns of geographic trait distribution cannot be simply explained by clinal geographic variation of Homo erectus between northern China and Java, and suggests survival of multiple evolutionary lineages among archaic hominins before the arrival of modern humans in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6037
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hominidae
Taiwan
China
fossils
geographic distribution
Indonesia
continents
Fossils
arrivals
occurrences
Survival
Far East
Mandible

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chang, C. H., Kaifu, Y., Takai, M., Kono, R., Grün, R., Matsu'Ura, S., ... Lin, L. K. (2015). The first archaic Homo from Taiwan. Nature Communications, 6, [6037]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7037

The first archaic Homo from Taiwan. / Chang, Chun Hsiang; Kaifu, Yousuke; Takai, Masanaru; Kono, Reiko; Grün, Rainer; Matsu'Ura, Shuji; Kinsley, Les; Lin, Liang Kong.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 6037, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, CH, Kaifu, Y, Takai, M, Kono, R, Grün, R, Matsu'Ura, S, Kinsley, L & Lin, LK 2015, 'The first archaic Homo from Taiwan', Nature Communications, vol. 6, 6037. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7037
Chang CH, Kaifu Y, Takai M, Kono R, Grün R, Matsu'Ura S et al. The first archaic Homo from Taiwan. Nature Communications. 2015;6. 6037. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7037
Chang, Chun Hsiang ; Kaifu, Yousuke ; Takai, Masanaru ; Kono, Reiko ; Grün, Rainer ; Matsu'Ura, Shuji ; Kinsley, Les ; Lin, Liang Kong. / The first archaic Homo from Taiwan. In: Nature Communications. 2015 ; Vol. 6.
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